Key Principles and KPIs

  • Key Principles
  • Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Two key principles guiding the development of the China-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City are the Three Harmonies and the Three Abilities.

The Three Harmonies refer to harmony between people and the environment, harmony between people and the economy and harmony among people. The Eco-City’s development and operation must not be destructive to the environment. At the same time, the Eco-City must be economically vibrant and sustainable, and should foster harmony among its residents.

The Three Abilities refer to practicable, replicable and scalable. Whatever is done in the Eco-City should be practicable and replicable in other cities in China on different scales.

In the early stages of its development in 2008, the Eco-City established the world's first set of eco-city KPIs, to provide a scientific basis that would guide its planning, development and management. After a decade of development, the Eco-City has mostly met the targets in the first version of its KPIs; its development efforts guided by KPIs have also been affirmed by the Singapore and Chinese governments. A revised Eco-City KPI framework (2.0) was subsequently formulated by the Singapore and Chinese governments, to enable the Eco-City to adapt to evolving circumstances and needs, and benchmark itself against leading international standards for the development of eco-cities. The revised set of KPIs has 30 quantitative and 6 qualitative KPIs, which cover environmental, social and economic development, to maintain the Eco-City's position as a front-runner in eco-city development.

Healthy Ecological Environment Social Harmony & Progress Green & Low Carbon Ecomony
Ambient air quality should meet China's National Ambient Air Quality Grade II Standard for at least 310 days/year All water bodies should meet Grade IV of China's latest national water standards There should be drinking water from all taps in the Eco-City 100% green buildings Carbon emission per unit GDP≤100 ton-C/US$1 million
Per Capita Daily water consumption≤110 litres ≥95% green trips
Ambient noise must meet all the stipulated standards for functional zones 100% wetland protection Proportion of active social groups to total social groups≥80% Residents' life satisfaction level≥80% Proportion of renewable energy utilisation≥32%
Resident health literacy rate≥45% Per Capita Daily domestic waste generation≤0.8kg ≥60% water supply from non-traditional sources
100% ecological shoreline retention All residents should have access to parks and green spaces within a 5-minute walk Annual runoff control rate ≥80% All residential areas should not be more than 500m away from recreational and sports amenities ≥150 R&D scientists and engineers per 10,000 employed persons
100% barrier-free accessibility in public areas Proportion of affordable public housing to total housing≥20%
Native vegetation index≥0.7 Intensity of urban heat island effect≤2.5℃ Recycling rate≥70% 100% wastewater reuse rate Company innovation activity rate≥75%
All residents should be insured by the Chinese Government's social security package 100% city management digitalisation in real-time monitoring and publishing rate of municipal data Employment-housing equilibrium index≥50%

Integrated Regional Cooperation
Facilitate ecological balance Protect conserved areas and ecological resources, and maintain ecological security.
Enhance urban design Enhance urban design and create a distinctive Eco-City.
Integration with regional policies Develop response mechanism for regional policies and system for cross-departmental coordination.
Harmonious development of society Improve the residents' quality of living and social security, enhance the delivery of elder care, health, education and employment services, promote fair and balanced development, and showcase the vitality, inclusiveness and openness of the Eco-City community.
Multicultural society Promote traditional culture, contemporary culture, and support the creation of new culture.
Optimisation of industrial synergies Develop business-to-business (B2B) service industries.